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Comparison of Organizational Structures

Posted On: Jul 09, 2014

Comparison of Organizational Structures.

Organization Structure Functional Matrix Projectized
Project Characteristics Weak Matrix Balanced Matrix Strong Matrix
           
Project Manager’s Authority Little or None

Limited (Coordinator)

Low to Moderate Moderate to High High to almost Total
Resource Availability Little or None Limited Low to Moderate Moderate to High High to almost Total
Who controls the Project Budget Functional Manager Functional Manager Mixed Project Manager Project Manager
Project Manager’s Role Part-time Part-time Full-time Full-time Full-time
Project Management Admin. Staff Part-time Part-time Part-time Full-time Full-time
           
Advantages
  • Easier Management of Specialists
  • Team members report to only one supervisor
  • Similar resources are centralized and company is grouped by specialties
  • Clearly defined career paths in the area of work specialization
  • Highly visible project objectives
  • Improved project manager control over resources
  • More support from functional organizations
  • Maximum utilization of scarce resource
  • Better coordination
  • Better horizontal and vertical dissemination of Information than functional.Team member maintain a home
  •   Efficient project organization
  • Loyalty to the project
  • More effective communication than functional.
  • Team members do maintain home while they are on project.
  • Most appropriate when the project size is large and technology is new
Disadvantages
  • Team members place more emphasis on their functional specialty to the detriment of the project.
  • No career path in project management.
  • Project Manager has little of no authority.
  • Extra Administration required (Admin Staff required)
  • More than one boss for project team
  • More complex to monitor and control
  • Tougher problems with resource allocation.
  • Need extensive policies and procedures
  • Functional managers have different priorities than project managers
  • More potential to conflict.
  • No “Home” when project is completed.
  • Lack of professionalism in discipline
  • Duplication of facilities and job functions
  • Less efficient use of resources.